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FAQs

Composition of a lubricant

What does a motor oil do in my engine and why is it important?

The main purpose of motor oil is to stop metal from touching metal. An engine contains hundreds of moving parts that must be kept separate from each other. If metal surfaces come in contact, wear may occur and friction will increase. With friction comes heat, and heat will warp and distort moving engine parts.
Motor oil creates a slick film between metal parts that lets them glide over each other.

Properties of a good lubricant

• Reduces friction and prevents wear;
• Allows for easy starting;
•  Seals tiny gaps between the piston ring and cylinder walls;
• Cools moving parts by dispersing heat;
• Keeps engine surfaces clean;
• Holds foreign deposits (like by products of combustion) in suspension away from engine parts;
• Prevents rust and corrosion.

What is motor oil made up of?

Modern motor oils are made up of the following:

Base Stocks + Additives

The base stocks used can be conventional stocks, man made synthetics or a mixture of conventional and synthetic stocks.

Conventional base oils are made from crude oil which has undergone certain extraction processes and minor chemical restructuring in an oil refinery. Conventional base oils are a mixture of thousands of different chemicals.

Synthetic differ from conventional base oils in that they synthesized from relatively pure chemicals for specifically designed performance characteristics. The raw material for synthetics could come from many sources. Synthetic base stocks generally offer superior low temperature flow properties and enhanced response to certain engine oil additives.

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What is a Base Oil or Base Stock
Different Types of Base oil
Additives
International Standards
So, what grade of engine oil should I use?
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